To view and edit the consent related to cookies on this website, click on the following link, then on "Cookie Settings": Review Consent
This website uses both first-party and third-party cookies to provide visitors with a better browsing experience and services tailored to their needs and interests.
In accordance with the EU "e-Privacy" Directive, in force since May 26, 2012, and the provisions of Law No. 190 of July 18, 2018, regarding the implementation of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of April 27, 2016, on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation), all website visitors are required to give their consent before cookies are transmitted to their computers.
What is a "cookie"?
An "Internet Cookie" (also known as a "browser cookie," "HTTP cookie," or simply "cookie") is a small file consisting of letters and numbers that will be stored on the computer, mobile device, or other equipment of a user accessing the Internet. The cookie is installed by a web server's request to a browser (e.g., Internet Explorer, Chrome) and is completely "passive" (it does not contain software programs, viruses, or spyware and cannot access information from the user's device).
"Cookies" play an important role in facilitating access and delivering multiple services that users enjoy on the Internet, such as:
- Customizing certain settings such as the language in which a website is displayed;
- The currency in which certain prices or rates are expressed;
- Preserving options for various products (sizes, other details, etc.) in the shopping cart (and remembering these options), thus generating the flexibility of the "shopping cart";
- Accessing old preferences by using the "Back" and "Forward" buttons.
Cookies provide website owners with feedback on how their sites are used by users, so they can make them more efficient and accessible;
They allow multimedia or other applications from other websites to be included on a specific site to create a more valuable, useful, and enjoyable browsing experience;
They improve the efficiency of online advertising.
What are the advantages of cookies?
A cookie contains information that connects a web browser (user) to a specific web server (the website). If a browser accesses that web server again, it can read the already stored information and react accordingly. Cookies ensure users a pleasant browsing experience and support the efforts of many websites to provide comfortable services to users, such as privacy preferences online, language preferences for the website, shopping carts, or relevant advertising.
What is the lifespan of a cookie?
Cookies are managed by web servers. The lifespan of a cookie can vary significantly depending on the purpose for which it is placed. Some cookies are used exclusively for a single session (session cookies) and are no longer retained once the user has left the website, while other cookies are retained and reused each time the user returns to that website (persistent cookies). However, cookies can be deleted by a user at any time through browser settings.
What are third-party cookies?
Certain sections of content on some websites may be provided through third parties/providers (e.g., news-box, video, or advertisement). These third parties may place cookies through another website, and they are called "third-party cookies" because they are not placed by the owner of that respective website. Third-party providers must also comply with applicable law and the privacy policies of the website owner. These cookies can come from the following third parties: facebook.com, twitter.com, etc.
How are cookies used by the website?
A visit to the website can place cookies for purposes such as:
- Improving website performance;
- Visitor analysis;
- User registration.
Other third-party cookies
On some pages, third parties can set their own anonymous cookies to track the success of an application or to personalize an application. Due to the way they are used, the website cannot access these cookies, just as third parties cannot access the cookies owned by that website. For example, when a user shares an article using the social media button on a website, that social network will record the user's activity, not the website where the button is located.
What type of information is stored and accessed through cookies?
Cookies store information in a small text file that allows a website to recognize a browser. The web server will recognize the browser until the cookie expires or is deleted. The cookie stores important information that enhances the browsing experience on the Internet, such as:
- Language settings for accessing a website;
- Keeping a user logged in to a webmail account;
- Online banking security;
- Keeping products in the shopping cart.
Why are cookies important for the Internet?
Cookies are at the core of the efficient functioning of the Internet, helping to generate a user-friendly browsing experience tailored to the preferences and interests of each user. Refusing or disabling cookies can make some websites impossible to use. Refusing or disabling cookies does not mean that the user will no longer receive online advertising; it only means that the advertising will not be tailored to the user's preferences and interests as highlighted by their browsing behavior.
Examples of important uses of cookies (which do not require user authentication through an account) include:
- Content and services tailored to user preferences, such as news categories, weather, sports, maps, public and governmental services, entertainment websites, and tourism services;
- Offers adapted to user interests, such as remembering passwords, language preferences (e.g., displaying search results in Romanian);
- Remembering child protection filters regarding online content (family mode options, safe search functions);
- Measurement, optimization, and analytics features, such as confirming a certain level of traffic on a website, the type of content being viewed, and how a user arrives at a website (e.g., through search engines, directly, from other websites, etc.). Website owners perform these analyses to improve their websites for the benefit of users.
Security and privacy issues
Cookies are NOT viruses! They use plain text formats. They are not made up of code fragments, so they cannot be executed or run automatically. Therefore, they cannot duplicate or replicate on other networks to run or replicate again. Because they cannot perform these functions, they cannot be considered viruses. However, cookies can be used for negative purposes. As they store information about users' preferences and browsing history on a particular website and other websites, cookies can be used as a form of spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this and consistently mark cookies for deletion within antivirus/anti-spyware deletion/scan procedures. In general, browsers have built-in privacy settings that provide different levels of acceptance of cookies, expiration periods, and automatic deletion after the user has visited a specific site.
Other security aspects related to cookies
As identity protection is highly valuable and represents the right of every Internet user, it is important to be aware of the potential problems that cookies can create.
Because they constantly transmit information in both directions between the browser and the website, if an attacker or unauthorized person intervenes in the data transmission process, the information contained in the cookie can be intercepted. Although very rare, this can happen if the browser connects to the server using an unencrypted network (e.g., an unsecured WiFi network).
Other cookie-based attacks involve incorrect cookie settings on web servers. If a website does not require the browser to use only encrypted channels, attackers can exploit this vulnerability to deceive browsers into sending information through unsecured channels. Attackers then use this information to gain unauthorized access to certain sites.
It is essential for users to be careful in choosing the most appropriate method of protecting their personal information.
Tips for safe and responsible browsing based on cookies
Here are some tips to ensure worry-free browsing with the help of cookies:
- Customize your browser settings regarding cookies to reflect a comfortable level of cookie usage security;
- If you do not mind cookies and you are the only person using the computer, you can set long expiration terms for storing browsing history and personal access data;
- If you share computer access, consider setting the browser to delete individual browsing data each time you close the browser. This option allows you to access websites that place cookies and delete any browsing information when the browsing session is closed;
- Install and regularly update anti-spyware applications. Many detection and prevention applications for spyware include site attack detection. They prevent the browser from accessing websites that could exploit browser vulnerabilities or download dangerous software;
- Ensure that your browser is always up to date. Many cookie-based attacks exploit vulnerabilities in older browser versions.
Cookies are everywhere and cannot be avoided if you want to enjoy access to the best and largest websites on the Internet, both local and international. With a clear understanding of how they operate and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures to browse the Internet with confidence.
What should you do if you do not want cookies to be installed on your computer?
Some individuals find the storage of information extracted from their computers or mobile devices relatively invasive, especially when such information is stored and used by unknown third parties. If you prefer, you have the option to block all cookies or only some of them, or even delete cookies that have been installed on your device. However, be aware that you may not be able to use certain features. To activate this block, you need to modify the privacy settings of your browser. Some third-party operators have developed tools that allow you to disable data collection and usage. Disabling or refusing cookies may render certain websites impractical or difficult to visit and use. Furthermore, refusing to accept cookies does not mean that the user will no longer receive or see online advertising. It is possible to adjust the browser settings to reject these cookies or set the browser to accept cookies from a specific website. However, for example, if a user is not logged in using cookies, they will not be able to leave comments. All modern browsers offer the possibility to change cookie settings.
These settings are usually found in the browser's "Options," "Settings," or "Preferences" menus.
Last updated: 21-06-2023